Alternative names: Ukelele Origin: Hawaii. The Soprano was created in the 1880's, the Concert and Tenor in the 1920's and the Baritone in the 1940's. Tuning: G4, C4, E4, A4 or A4, D4, F#4, B4 for Soprano, Concert and Tenor. D4, G3, B3, E4 for Baritone. Strings/Courses: 4/4 Further notes: Evolved from the Portuguese Cavaquinho, brought to Hawaii by Portuguese sailors. Nylon strings. Scale Length: Soprano 330mm. Concert 380mm. Tenor 430mm. Baritone 480mm.
Alternative names: Lili'u, 6-string ukulele Origin: Tahiti, early 20th century. Tuning: G4, C4 C3, E4, A4 A3. Strings/Courses: 6/4 Further notes: Named after the Hawaiian Queen Lili'ukolani. Nylon strings. Scale Length: Usually 450mm.
Alternative names: Tahitian Banjo Origin: Tahiti, 1990. Tuning: G4 G4, C5 C5, E5 E5, A4 A4. Strings/Courses: 8/4 Further notes: Nylon strings, usually fishing line. Scale Length: Anywhere between 330-450mm.
Alternative names: 8-string ukulele. Origin: Hawaii Tuning: G3 G4, C3 C4, E4 E4, A4 A4. Strings/Courses: 8/4 Further notes: Nylon strings. Scale Length: Usually concert (380mm) or tenor (430mm) size.
Alternative names: Ukulele Bass. Origin: USA, 2006. Tuning: E1, A1, D2, G2 or E1, A1, C#2, F#2 (to have the same intervals as the ukulele). Strings/Courses: 4/4 Further notes: Can be fretted or fretless. Polyurethane strings. Scale Length: 480-500mm