The Stringed Instrument Database The Stringed Instrument Database: T

T


Tai Neua


Alternative names:
Origin: Laos.
Tuning:
Strings/Courses: 3/3
Further notes:
Scale Length:



Talharpa


Alternative names: Tagelharpa, Strakharpa
Origin: Estonia. Also formerly played in Sweden, but now rare there.
Tuning:
Strings/Courses: 3/3 is most common, but sometimes 2/2 or 4/4.
Further notes: Traditionally horse hair strings. Nowadays horse hair or nylon.
Scale Length:


Tahitian Ukulele / Tahitian Banjo


- See Ukulele, Tahitian

Taishigoto


- See Akkordiola


Tambura


Alternative names: Tamboura
Origin: Bulgaria
Tuning: D3 D3, G3 G3, B3 B3, E4 E4
Strings/Courses: 8/4
Further notes: The Bulgarian variant. has 4 double courses. The Macedonian variant has 2. Steel strings.
Scale Length: 610mm



Tambura, Macedonian


Alternative names: Tamboura
Origin: Macedonia.
Tuning: DD, AA
Strings/Courses: 4/2
Further notes: The Bulgarian variant. has 4 double courses. The Macedonian variant has 2. Steel strings.
Scale Length: 610mm


Tampura (Indian)


- Not included on this website because the strings are only ever played open!



Tanbur (Turkish)


Alternative names: Tambur
Origin: Turkey, 17th century.
Tuning:
Strings/Courses: 6/3, 9/3, 9/5 or 8/4.
Further notes:
Scale Length: 1000-1100mm



Tanbur (Afghan)


Alternative names:
Origin: Afghanistan and eastern Iran.
Tuning:
Strings/Courses:
Further notes:
Scale Length: 900-1050mm



Tar


Alternative names:
Origin: Iran, 18th century.
Tuning: C3 C4, G3, C4 C4
Strings/Courses: 5/3
Further notes:
Scale Length: 650-670mm



Tar, Azeri


Alternative names: Caucasus Tar
Origin: Azerbaijan, about 1870. Developed from the Iranian version above.
Tuning: C4 C4, C5 C5, G2, C3 C4, G3 G3, C4 C4
Strings/Courses: 11/6
Further notes:
Scale Length: 600mm


Taropatch Ukulele


- See Ukulele, Taropatch


Taus


Alternative names:
Origin: The Punjab, northern India. Invented by Guru Hargobind, the sixth guru of Sikhism.
Tuning:
Strings/Courses:
Further notes: The name 'Taus' originates from the Persian word for peacock.
Scale Length:



Tembor


Alternative names:
Origin: Uyghur region, Western China.
Tuning: A A, D, G G
Strings/Courses: 5/3
Further notes: Steel strings.
Scale Length: 1200-1400mm


Tenor Guitar


- See Guitar, Tenor.


Thumbi


Alternative names: Tumbi, Toombi,
Origin: Punjab, India.
Tuning: N/A
Strings/Courses: 1/1
Further notes: The string can be nylon or steel.
Scale Length: No standard.



Timple


Alternative names: Timple Canario
Origin: Canary Islands, Spain.
Tuning: G4, C5, E4, A4, D5
Strings/Courses: 5/5
Further notes: Nylon strings.
Scale Length: 360mm



Tiple


Alternative names: Tiple Columbiano
Origin: Columbia, 19th century.
Tuning: D4 D3 D4, G4 G3 G4, B4 B3 B4, E4 E4 E4 or C4 C3 C4, E4 E3 E4, A4 A3 A4, D4 D4 D4
Strings/Courses: 12/4
Further notes: Steel strings.
Scale Length: 530mm



Tiple (American)


Alternative names: Martin Tiple, sometimes called a 'Tiple Ukulele' due to the tuning.
Origin: The South American Tiple was altered by the Martin company in the USA in 1919, due to the boom in popularity of the Ukulele at the time. They removed the 3rd strings from the top and bottom courses and tuned it like a Ukulele. This version became popular in the USA and was made by many other companies.
Tuning: A4 A3, D4 D3 D4, F#4 F#3 F#4, B3 B3
Strings/Courses: 10/4
Further notes: Steel strings.
Scale Length: 430mm



Tiple de Menorca.


Alternative names:
Origin: Menorca, Spain. Related to the Guitarro from mainland Spain.
Tuning: D4, G4, C5, E5, A5.
Strings/Courses: 5/5
Further notes: Nylon strings.
Scale Length: 350-450mm



Tiple Doliente


Alternative names:
Origin: Puerto Rico, 18th century.
Tuning: E3, A3, D4, G4, C5
Strings/Courses: 5/5
Further notes: Steel strings.
Scale Length: 350-365mm



Tiple Grande De Ponce


Alternative names: Chiquita
Origin: Puerto Rico
Tuning:
Strings/Courses: 5/5
Further notes: Steel strings.
Scale Length: 530mm



Tiple Requinto


Alternative names: Tiple Columbiano Requinto
Origin: Columbia, 19th century.
Tuning: D4 D4 D4, G4 G4 G4, B4 B4 B4, E4 E4 E4
Strings/Courses: 12/4 or 10/4 (with the top and bottom courses doubled instead of tripled)
Further notes: Steel strings.
Scale Length:



Tiple Requinto Costero


Alternative names:
Origin: Puerto Rico
Tuning:
Strings/Courses: 3/3
Further notes: Steel strings.
Scale Length: 380mm



Tiple Requinto De Montana


Alternative names:
Origin: Puerto Rico
Tuning:
Strings/Courses: 3/3
Further notes: Steel strings.
Scale Length: 300mm



Tiple Vihuela


Alternative names: Vihuela Tiple, Tiple Viguela, Tiple Biguela.
Origin: Puerto Rico
Tuning: The same as any of the Puerto Rican tiples, but with doubled courses of strings.
Strings/Courses: 10/5
Further notes: Steel strings.
Scale Length: 350-500mm



Tiplon Con Macho


Alternative names: Tiple Grande
Origin: Puerto Rico
Tuning:
Strings/Courses: 5/5 or 4/4
Further notes: Steel strings.
Scale Length: 530mm



Topshur


Alternative names: Tobshuur
Origin: Altai region, Siberia, Russia.
Tuning:
Strings/Courses: 2/2
Further notes:
Scale Length: 550-600mm



Trembulo


Alternative names:
Origin: Europe, probably Portugal.
Tuning: A4 A3, D4 D3, B4 B3, E4 E3 or D4 D3, G4 G3, E4 E3, A4 A3 or A4 A4, D4 D3, B4 B3, E4 E4 for 8 stringed trembulos. B3, E3, A4 A4, D4 D4 for 6 stringed 'fusao' (fusion) trembulos.
Strings/Courses: 8/4 or 6/4
Further notes: Each course tuned in octaves. Nylon or gut strings.
Scale Length: 450mm



Tres


Alternative names: Tres Cubano, Cuban Tres, Tresillo
Origin: Cuba.
Tuning: Traditionally G4 G3, C4 C4, E4 E3, but often now A4 A3, D4 D4, F#4 F#3.
Strings/Courses: 6/3
Further notes: Steel strings.
Scale Length: 480-650mm



Tres, Puerto Rican


Alternative names:
Origin: Puerto Rico
Tuning: Traditionally G4 G3 G4, C4 C4 C4, E4 E3 E4
Strings/Courses: 9/3
Further notes: Same as the traditionally tuned Cuban Tres, but with 9 strings in 3 triples. Often has a body shape more like the Puerto Rican Cuatro. Steel strings.
Scale Length:



Tricordia


Alternative names: Trichordia, Tricordio
Origin: Mexico, evolving from the Mandolin.
Tuning: G3 G3 G3, D4 D4 D4, A4 A4 A4, E5 E5 E5.
Strings/Courses: 12/4
Further notes: Steel strings.
Scale Length: 330-350mm



Tzouras


Alternative names:
Origin: Greece.
Tuning: D3 D4, A3 A3, D4 D4
Strings/Courses: 6/3
Further notes: Steel strings.
Scale Length: 600mm